The Complete Guide to Different Types of Knives and Their Uses

Knives come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, each with its own unique set of characteristics and uses. From the small folding pocket knife to the large and imposing bowie knife, knives have been essential tools for survival and everyday tasks.

Understanding the different types of knives available can help you make an informed decision when purchasing a knife for a specific task. It can also help you to understand the proper use and maintenance of your knife to ensure its longevity.

Knives have been around for centuries, with the earliest flint knives. Since then, knives have come in many shapes and sizes, from the classic Swiss Army Knife to the butterfly knife.

Folding knives have become increasingly popular, with pocket knives, tactical knives, hunting knives, and survival knives all offering different features depending on the user’s needs.

Fixed-blade knives have their own specialties as well, with bowie knives, kukri knives, and machetes all having unique uses. No matter the type or purpose of the knife, the United States of America has been home to some of the most incredible kinds of knives ever made.

Types of Knives and Their Uses

Knives are one of the oldest and most versatile tools known to man. They have been around for centuries and have evolved over time to meet the changing needs of different cultures and civilizations. In this article, we will take a look at all the different types of knives and their uses, and the unique characteristics that set them apart.

1. Folding Knives

folding knives

Folding Knives are the most popular type of knife and are designed to fold away safely when not in use. There are a variety of folding knives available, such as pocket knives, butterfly knives, and Swiss Army knives.

Pocket knives are the most common type of folding knife and feature one or more blades that fold into the handle. Butterfly knives are two-handed opening and closing knives that usually feature two handles counter-rotating around the tang of the blade. Swiss Army knives are multi-tool pocket knives that include a variety of tools such as scissors, screwdrivers, and tweezers, all contained in one handle.

1.1 Butterfly knives

butterfly knives

The butterfly knife, also known as a balisong, fan knife, or Batangas knife, is a type of folding pocketknife that originated in the Philippines. With their two handles that fold over the blade and latch together, these knives are often used as a novelty items. However, they can be highly functional tools when put to use by experienced hands. The versatility of butterfly knives makes them popular for use in self-defense, martial arts, and everyday tasks.

1.2 Pocket knives

Pocket knives

Pocket knives are a type of folding knife that have one or more blades that fold into the handle. They have been around since the early 1800s and are a popular choice for carrying around as they are easy to use and slip into your pocket. Pocket knives come in many different varieties, from traditional folding pocket knives to modern Swiss Army knives.

Carbon steel is the most common material used for pocket knife blades and is easy to sharpen and holds an edge well. If you’re new to pocket knives, there are several models available that make for a great entry-level option, such as the Sanrenmu 710 or the Morakniv Classic Utility Knife.

For those who want more utility out of their knife, the Victorinox Huntsman model provides a wide range of tools in one handy package. Whether you’re looking for something traditional or modern, pocket knives offer a convenient and versatile solution for any situation.

1.3 Swiss Army knives

swiss army knives

The Swiss Army knife is a type of folding knife that is iconic for its utility and design. It is one of the first multitools to ever come into existence and has been popular for almost 130 years.

Featuring a range of tools from knives to screwdrivers, these Victorinox Swiss Army Knives, SwissTools, and SwissCards are the perfect companion for any gadget-lover.

All the tools are thicker and more robust than those on smaller pocket knives, making them the go-to for big jobs and adventures. With their quality handcraftsmanship and quality materials, Victorinox Swiss Army Knives have been a trusted tool for over a century.

2. Fixed-Blade Knives

fixed blade knives

Fixed-Blade Knives are some of the most traditional and popular types of knives ever made. These knives offer superior strength, durability, and versatility compared to other kinds of knives, and they can be used for a variety of applications, from hunting and tactical use to self-defense and outdoor survival.

Fixed-blade knives come in a wide range of shapes and sizes, from small pocket knives to large Bowie knives and machetes. Whether you need a reliable tool for camping trips or an effective weapon for self-defense, a fixed-blade knife is an excellent choice.

2.1 Tactical Knives

Tactical Knives

Fixed-Blade Knives such as tactical knives are a great choice for those looking for a reliable tool for self-defense and hard use. Tactical knives are typically designed with a blade shape that is suitable for self-defense and heavy use. An example of such a knife is the Gerber StrongArm, which features a full tang 420HC 4.8-inch blade and is an affordable option for those looking for a dependable tactical knife.

2.2 Hunting Knives

hunting knives

Hunting knives are an essential tool for any hunter. From the classic Bowie knife to the more modern tactical knives, these fixed-blade knives come in a variety of shapes and sizes to tackle any job.

Whether you’re looking for a reliable blade for a field dressing game, cutting rope, or even for self-defense, there’s a hunting knife out there to fit your needs. With options from brands like Browning, Benchmade, Microtech, and Spyderco, you can find the perfect knife to suit your style and your budget.

2.3 Survival Knives

survival knives

Survival knives are one of the most versatile types of knives ever made, and they can be used to tackle many tasks in any situation. Fallkniven’s fixed-blade outdoor knife is a great example of a survival knife, as it is made from a single type of steel that provides durability and strength.

Knife Art also offers an extensive selection of survival knives, from larger fixed blades to folding knives that can handle heavy use. One such knife is the ESEE Izula, which is perfect for a survival kit, hiking pack, or bugout bag.

The Gerber StrongArm is another great option for your outdoor adventures, as it features a full tang construction for maximum strength and durability. And if you’re looking for something even more reliable, try the Izula-II from ESEE – made from coated 1095 carbon steel with a high-vis finish. Whatever type of knife you’re after, Fixed-Blade Knives like the Ccanku C1140 provide excellent results in terms of durability and performance.

3. Traditional Knives

traditional knives

Traditional knives have been around for centuries. From the classic folding pocket knives that your granddaddy might have used, to bowie knives, ulu knives, and Morakniv classic utility knives.

These classic tools have been used for everything from campfire cooking to self-defense. Pocket knives offer the convenience of carrying a small blade, while fixed-blade knives are perfect for more demanding tasks such as hunting, survival, and tactical use. No matter what type of knife you’re looking for, you’ll find a variety of traditional styles in our selection.

3.1 Machete Knives

machete knives

Machete knives are a type of traditional knife that has been used for centuries. These knives are typically long and heavy, designed to cut through trees, limbs, and coconuts. They are also used to gather firewood and sometimes to hunt small game.

Popular knife patterns include the three-blade Stockman, two-blade Trapper, and the classic pocket knife. Thanks to improvements in smelting technology, machete knives can now be mass-produced at a low cost. Classic pocket knives and machete knives made entirely by hand by master craftsmen are also still available from Albacete Knife Classic S.XVIII.

The Opinel folding knife is another popular traditional machete knife that hasn’t changed since 1890. Fallkniven is another great Swedish knife manufacturer that makes modern machete designs based on the traditional Scandinavian knife using modern materials and technology.

3.2 Bowie Knives

bowie knives

Bowie knives have been an iconic part of Americana since the 19th century. The Bowie knife, named after Jim Bowie and created by his brother Rezin, is a large and durable hunting knife with a leather sheath.

It is also a formidable self-defense weapon, which has been used in battles such as the Alamo and in the American Civil War. It is a multitasker; no matter what type you buy, it can perform multiple tasks such as outdoor camping, hunting, kitchen prep, and even self-defense.

3.3 Kukri Knives

kukri knives

Kukri knives are a type of traditional knife that originated in Nepal, potentially evolving from sickles or from the ancient Greek Kopis. They are known for their distinctive curved blade and have been used by many tribes such as the Limbus, Rais, Gurungs, Tamangs, and Chhetris.

Khukuri House is an official Kukri maker of the Gurkha Army since 1991 and they offer genuine/original traditional Nepalese khukuri blades with a Lifetime Warranty. Kukri knife handles come in a variety of materials such as different types of wood or bone.

The Kukri is an extremely versatile tool that can be used for various activities such as cleaving or dismembering, gathering firewood, or cutting trees and limbs. It is an essential piece of outdoor equipment for any adventure enthusiast.

4. Specialty Knives

Specialty knives are knives that are designed for a specific task or industry.

Types of specialty knives: kitchen knives, fillet knives, and throwing knives Kitchen knives are knives that are designed for food preparation. They come in a variety of different shapes and sizes, each with a specific purpose. Fillet knives are a type of knife that is designed for filleting fish.

They have thin, flexible blade that allows for precise cutting. Throwing knives are a type of knife that is designed specifically for throwing. They are typically made from a single piece of metal and have a balanced design for optimal flight.

The main advantage of specialty knives is their ability to perform specific tasks with precision and efficiency. However, they can be expensive and are not always suitable for general use.

5. Historical Knives

Historical knives are knives that have been used throughout history for a variety of tasks. They are often associated with a specific era or culture.

Famous historical knives and their significance

Famous historical knives include the Roman gladius, the medieval dagger, and the Japanese katana. Each of these knives has played a significant role in history and has a unique design and purpose.

Evolution of knife design and technology

Knives have evolved over time to meet the changing needs of different cultures and civilizations. From the simple stone knives of the past to the advanced, high-tech knives of today, the design and technology of knives have come a long way.

Frequently Asked Question

What are the 4 main knives?

1. Chef’s Knife (8” or 10”)
2. Paring Knife (3”)
3. Long-Serrated Bread Knife.
4. Slicing/Carving Knife (10”)

What knife do Navy SEALs use?

Ontario MK 3 Navy Knife

What is the most famous knife?

Victorinox Swiss Army Knife

Final Words

In this article, we have looked at all the different types of knives and their uses, from folding knives to historical knives. Each type of knife has its own unique set of characteristics and uses.

It is important to understand the proper use and safety of any knife you handle. Always be aware of the sharpness of the blade and handle the knife with care. C. Final thoughts and recommendations.

Whether you’re a hunter, a chef, or a collector, understanding the different types of knives available can help you make an informed decision when purchasing a knife. Remember to always handle knives with care and to follow proper safety guidelines.

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